Is Hemp Oil the Same Thing as CBD Oil?

In some contexts, the phrase hemp flower oil and CBD oil can be used interchangeably, and to some extent this is appropriate considering the close relationship between hemp flower and CBD.

While CBD can be obtained from hemp flower, not all CBD is obtained from hemp. For example, some CBD is obtained from marijuana varieties of cannabis sativa. This may sound confusing, so here are the basics.

What is the Difference Between Hemp and Cannabis?

Both hemp and cannabis, or marijuana, originate from the same species of cannabis sativa L. However, they belong to different subspecies which have different chemical compositions. While cannabis plants contain high amounts of the compound tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, hemp plants contain minimal amounts of THC. This is because legal U.S. hemp cultivars must contain less than 0.3% THC.

THC is the compound in cannabis that is responsible for the euphoric feeling that comes with marijuana intoxication. Consequently, hemp lacks the psychoactive properties that are characteristic of cannabis varieties.

Apart from the THC content, hemp and cannabis plants have similar chemical compounds such as cannabidiol (CBD), other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. Most hemp varieties cultivated for CBD production will have high amounts of CBD.

What is Hemp Oil?

When you see the term “hemp oil” on a product it could mean one of two things; it’s CBD oil that has been derived from the hemp plant or it’s hemp seed oil which has been derived from the seeds of a hemp plant.

CBD is obtained from the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant through an extraction process that may involve either pressurized CO2 or ethanol. Note that hemp derived CBD oil can be full spectrum. This means that it contains extra therapeutic compounds such as terpenes and flavonoids, and that it can also be pure CBD oil.

What is CBD Oil?

CBD oil is oil that contains cannabidiol, or CBD, and it can be derived from either cannabis or hemp plants. Its uses are mentioned below. CBD oil derived from cannabis varieties may contain higher amounts of THC, but not enough to cause the user to get high.

Why Use CBD Oil?

CBD oil is used for medicinal purposes to provide relief from a variety of ailments including:

  • Epilepsy
  • Nerve disorders
  • Chronic pain
  • Eczema
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Psoriasis
  • Poor sleep
  • Mood disorders
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Arthritis

How is CBD Oil Used?

CBD oil is usually packaged in different forms such as capsules, tinctures, nano sprays, and topicals. Because of the close association between CBD oil and cannabis oil, CBD is illegal in some states. To eliminate the confusion, some manufacturers will package their CBD oil as hemp oil to make it clear that it is CBD derived purely from hemp, which has been legalized in all states.

Are There any Similarities Between CBD Oil and Hemp Oil?

Hemp seed oil is different from CBD oil in a few ways. First, it is extracted from hemp seeds through a process called cold compressing. Additionally, Hemp seeds lack CBD, meaning that hemp seed does not have the same therapeutic properties as CBD oil.

Regardless, hemp seeds are highly nutritious in that they are loaded with minerals, vitamins, essential amino acids, and omega oils. As a result, hemp seed oil is commonly used in foods as a supplement, and it is sold at health food stores alongside other supplements.  It is even considered by some as a “super food.” Hemp seed oil is also good for your skin so it is a common ingredient in many skin care products.

There are some similarities between the two, though. For example, both CBD oil and hemp seed oil are beneficial to the body when consumed. While CBD oil supports the endocannabinoid system to restore physiological balance, hemp oil is highly nutritious and boosts the immune system.

What about Cannabis Oil?

Cannabis Oil is a cannabinoid-based oil containing CBD and THC, plus a host of other therapeutic compounds which are derived from the marijuana plant. Cannabis oil, unlike CBD oil or hemp seed oil, contains high amounts of THC. Consequently, cannabis oil can cause the user to get high.

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Disclaimer: According to The American Lung Association, inhaling smoke of any kind is considered harmful to the lungs, regardless if it’s coming from cigarettes, hemp flower or campfire.

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